Multimedia Dental History Resource
Welcome to Dental History. Dental History is an interactive, multimedia dental history resource designed to promote the history of dentistry to dental students and professionals. A type of dental history resource was first envisioned by the New York Section of the American College of Dentists as a regional project. The value of the concept was soon realized, and by 2000 it had developed into a large-scale, not-for-profit project of the American College of Dentists.
Dental History was initially designed to supplement dental history education in dental schools. The scope was later expanded to include those already in the profession. A Resource Development Committee was formed in 2000, including a cadre of renowned dental history experts. Consultants to the project were added as required to address specific needs. Support for Dental History was provided by the American College of Dentists. A non-commercial undertaking, Dental History was planned for distribution to dental students, dentists, and others on a complimentary basis. In its first phase from 2001 to 2008 compact disks were used to distribute Dental History to dental students in the United States and Canada. The resource was also made available to other interested parties, nationally and internationally. The second phase began in late 2008 by making the resource available for download from the Internet (www.dentalhistory.org). The resource is no longer distributed on compact disks.
Dental History was developed with eight specific objectives: a) Explore the origins and development of dentistry; b) Improve understanding and appreciation of dental history; c) Improve appreciation of dentistry as a learned profession; d) Allow self-assessment of dental history knowledge; e) Assist dental schools in dental history education; f) Stimulate interest and study in dental history; g) Improve access to dental history information; and h) Incorporate an easy, interactive, multimedia format.
Dental History is a self-contained, executable program requiring a Windows® operating system, and it is only compatible with Windows®. Other alternatives are being explored. Content consists primarily of published articles; excerpts of published compilations or works; original material assembled for the resource; and images. Six self-assessment tests are also included. Audio and video clips augment textual material and images. Images used with textual material are often from different sources and are referenced separately. Because of the limitations of hypertext formatting, the appearance may differ compared to originals. Dental History incorporates a number of functions and features.
||B.C.E. to 800 C.E.
|| 800 to 1400
||1400 to 1600
|| 1600 to 1800
|| 1800 to 1900
|| 1900 and later
Description. Dental History is divided into eight sections as shown to the right. Each major section is further divided into subsections. For example, the section on Early Origins is further divided into subsections on Paleopathology, Prehistory, Near East, Classical World, Far East, and Islamic World, as examples. Historical events often transcend attempts at artificial classification, and such is the case with this resource. The sections of this resource should be used as guides, not as absolutes. Many historical events in dentistry could be appropriately classified under several different headings. Regardless, some general organization is necessary:
Download. As mentioned, Dental History was initially available on compact disks. In its second phase of development, the resource is only available by download from this site. The resource is fairly large (25MB), utilizes external video files, and takes about 45 seconds to download with a high-speed Internet connection. A high-speed Internet connection is strongly recommended, and an Interent connection is needed to view the external videos. A second version may be undertaken with internal, self-contained video files, but it would be much larger in size and take longer to download. Downloading is a two-step process. To begin, use the Download box with rounded corners at the top left of this page.
Step 1 Read the Terns of Use by clicking the button below.
If you use the Site and/or the Resource, to include but not limited to viewing, operating, printing, and prior approved copying, then you agree that you understand and accept the following disclosures, statements, terms, and conditions as an express Agreement between you or your organization and the developer, American College of Dentists, and any other distributors of the Site and/or the Resource. If you do not accept this Agreement, then you may not use the Site or the Resource.
Permission. You have permission to use Dental History for personal or non-profit educational use only, provided you expressly agree to:
- not alter Dental History;
- not sell, copy, trade, or distribute Dental History or any part thereof (including the Resource); and
- only use Dental History in a manner consistent with the mission,
principles, objectives, ideals, and reputation of the American College of
All other contemplated uses of Dental History require the express written permission of the American College of Dentists. By using all or part of Dental History in an approved application, the user agrees to appropriately credit the American College of Dentists as the developer. Sections of the Resource may be printed for personal or non-profit educational use only, provided such printed facsimiles are not sold or traded.
Possible Defects. Dental History may contain defects that include, but are not limited to:
- incomplete, inaccurate, incompatible, or corrupt content;
- transcription and/or programming errors;
- intellectual property infringement;
- content that damages your hardware and/or software; or
- infection by one or more computer viruses.
The possible defects are mentioned in the interests of disclosure, and such inclusion should not be interpreted to mean that Dental History is offered with known defects. If defects are uncovered, please contact the developer so that the defects may be addressed. Master copies of the two versions of the Resource have been tested with commercially available anti-virus software and found to be free of computer viruses at the time of upload.
Indemnity. By using Dental History, then you agree to indemnify and hold the developer and its agents, officers, members, and distributors harmless against any and all claims arising out of said use or distribution, regardless of the cause, effects, or fault.
Limitation of Liability.
Neither the developer nor anyone else who has been involved in the creation, production, distribution, or delivery of Dental History shall be liable for any direct, indirect, consequential, or incidental damage (including damage for loss of business profit, business interruption, loss of data, and the like) arising out of the use of or inability to use the Site or the Resource even if the developer has been advised of the possibility of such damage. Some jurisdictions may not allow the exclusion or limitation of liability for consequential or incidental damage.
The developer’s entire liability and your exclusive remedy shall be the replacement of the defective Resource. If failure of the Resource has resulted from accident, abuse, or misapplication, the developer may replace the Resource at the developer's option.
Warranty Disclaimer The developer of Dental History and any distributor disclaim all liability to you for damages, costs, and expenses, including legal fees, for any real or alleged defect in Dental History. You have no remedies for negligence or under strict liability, or for breach of warranty or contract, including, but not limited to, indirect, consequential, punitive, or incidental damages, even if you give notice of the possibility of such damages.
Dental History is provided to you as is and as available. No other representations or warranties of any kind, express or implied, are made to you regarding Dental History, including, but not limited to, fitness for a particular purpose. No oral or written information or advice given by the developer, its agents, officers, members, or distributors shall create a warranty, and you may not rely upon such information or advice.
This Agreement shall be governed by the laws of the State of Maryland. If for any reason a court of competent jurisdiction finds any provision of this Agreement, or portion thereof, to be unenforceable, that provision of the Agreement shall be enforced to the maximum extent permissible so as to effect the intent of the parties, and the remainder of this Agreement shall continue in full force and effect. If any part of this Agreement is not legally binding, it shall in no way affect the validity of the other parts of the Agreement.
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